Hostile people may be born to smoke study participants and the results may affect future behavior," lead researcher Dr. Thomas R. Kupferberg, professor of pediatrics at the University of North Carolina College of Medicine, wrote in a statement. "The ability to control substance use disorders may offer clues to treating substance use disorder in these younger adults who need a more coordinated approach to help them avoid relapse."
While recent research has shown that children of smoking parents are at higher risk for substance use problems than others, this is the first study to 서산안마 서산출장샵report a connection between a parent's use of tobacco and child's propensity to drink or use substances.
To study the link between children's exposure to tobacco and the risk of substance use in the study participants, Kupferberg and team set up an Internet-based online survey with approximately 750 individuals from the North Carolina Population Center for Substance Abuse and Addiction (NCSPAC) in Asheville, North Carolina. The initial response period consisted of about 30 minutes, allowing participants to answer questions anonymously. The researchers interviewed the participants and collected demographic information including gender, age, and family history of substance use disorders.
Researchers found that the respondents who had reported lifetime use of tobacco had a higher probability of being exposed to tobacco as children (14 percent higher) and being exposed to tobacco as a teenager (13 percent higher) than those who did not report their use of tobacco as children (5 percent and 2 percent respectively). However, the relationship was not causal, the authors note.
The study, titled "Possible Contribution of Children's Smoking Behavior to Future Alcohol Use and Substance Use Problems in Adolescents," was published online Feb. 4 in the Journal of Adolescence.
"We hope this study will help us develop more targeted interventions for adolescent tobacco use disorders as well as encourage more parents to seek and receive treatment for their young children who may have more access to substance abuse services in our community." 카지노 게임 사이트Dr. Thomas Kupferberg, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
As a consequence, participants were given three "strikes" of tobacco duri바카라 사이트ng the baseline data collection period — if they reported ever using tobacco as children, if they reported ever using tobacco as a teenager, or if they only reported their last tobacco use during the baseline period.
On the first strike, participants were randomly assigned to a tobacco addiction treatment program at the North Carolina Community Foundation or a control group. The intervention program was administered by Dr. Michael Stutzman at North Carolina Community Foundation/Carolina Behavioral Health, a cente